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  • A hernia is a condition in which an organ or fatty tissue pushes through a weak point or tear in the muscle or surrounding tissue that holds it in place.
  • There are several types of hernias, including inguinal (inner groin), Umbilical (intestine bulge through the abdominal wall), and Ventral (tissue bulges through an opening in the muscle of your abdomen) etc.,
  • Hernias can cause pain and discomfort, if left untreated, and it can lead to serious complications. It is important for individuals to be aware of the signs and symptoms of hernias, as well as the risk factors and preventative measures. Early detection and treatment can prevent the hernia from becoming larger and more difficult to repair.

Types of Hernia

Inguinal Hernia:It is the most common type of hernia and occurs when the intestine or bladder protrudes through the inguinal canal, which is located in the groin area.

Femoral Hernia: It occurs when the intestine protrudes through the femoral canal, which is located in the upper thigh.

Umbilical Hernia: It occurs when a part of the intestine protrudes through the abdominal muscles near the navel.

Incisional Hernia: It occurs at the site of a previous surgery, where the scar tissue is weak, and the intestine protrudes through the muscle.

Hiatal Hernia: It occurs when the upper part of the stomach protrudes through the diaphragm and into the chest cavity.


Symptoms of Hernia:

Causes Of Hernia -

  • Aging
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Chronic cough or sneezing
  • Straining during bowel movements or urination
  • Family history of hernia

Hernia Diagnosis

A hernia can usually be diagnosed through a physical examination, medical history review, and imaging tests such as

  • Abdominal Ultrasound
  • Abdominal CT scan
  • Abdominal MRI Scan
  • X-rays of digestive tract
  • Endoscopy

Treatment Options for Hernia:

    Hernia treatment options vary depending on the type, location, and severity of the hernia. The most common treatment options include:

  • Watchful waiting: For small hernias that do not cause any symptoms, doctors may recommend watchful waiting to see if the hernia gets better on its own.
  • Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers and muscle relaxants can help relieve the pain and discomfort associated with hernias.
  • Surgery: Surgical intervention is imperative for all hernias due to the risk of incarceration and strangulation.
  • Hernias can be repaired with either open or Laparoscopic surgery.

Hernia Repair

  • The minimally invasive laparoscopic repair is done under general anaesthesia and surgeon makes 2 to 3 small incisions below the navel.
  • Laparoscopic surgery uses a tiny camera and miniaturized surgical equipment to repair the hernia. It only requires a few small incisions and is less damaging to the surrounding tissue.
  • After repair, mesh is placed over the area of defect to strengthen the abdominal wall.

Hernia Repair

  • An incision or a cut is made in the groin
  • The hernia “Sac” Containing the bulging intestine is identified.
  • Contents of the hernia is pushed back into the abdomen and strengthening the abdominal wall is done with stitches or synthetic mesh.
  • Strenuous activity and exercise are restricted for four – six weeks after the surgery.

Why to Choose MGM Healthcare for Hernia Treatment-

  • MGM Healthcare is a leading multi-specialty hospital in Chennai that provides advanced and personalized treatment options for hernias. Our team of experienced surgeons and medical professionals are dedicated to providing the best possible care to our patients. The department of General, Minimal Access (GI) & Bariatric Surgery is equipped with state-of-the-art facilities and cutting-edge technology, we are equipped to handle even the most complex hernia cases.
  • Conclusively, Hernia is a painful condition that can impact daily life activities, but with proper treatment and care, it can be managed effectively. If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of a hernia, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible.
  • Don't wait to seek treatment for your hernia. Contact us at 044-4524 2424 today to schedule a consultation with our team of expert surgeons at the Department of General, Minimal Access (GI) & Bariatric Surgery.


Dr. Deepak Subramanian

Senior Consultant and Clinical Lead

General, Minimal Access (GI) & Bariatric Surgery

Dr Anirudh V


Department of Minimal Access (GI) and Bariatric Surgery

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