HERNIA


A hernia is a condition in which an organ or fatty tissue pushes through a weak point or tear in the muscle or surrounding tissue that holds it in place. There are several types of hernias, including inguinal (inner groin), incisional (resulting from an incision), hiatal (upper stomach), Umbilical (intestine bulge through the abdominal wall), and Ventral (tissue bulges through an opening in the muscle of your abdomen). Hernias can cause pain and discomfort, if left untreated and it can lead to serious complications. It is important for individuals to be aware of the signs and symptoms of hernias, as well as the risk factors and preventative measures. Early detection and treatment can prevent the hernia from becoming larger and more difficult to repair.

TYPES OF HERNIA

  • Inguinal Hernia
  • Umbilical Hernia
  • Ventral Hernia
symptoms

SYMPTOMS


HERNIA DIAGNOSIS


Abdominal ultrasound

Abdominal CT scan

Abdominal MRI scan

X-rays of digestive tract

Endoscopy

Treatment Modalities


  • Surgical intervention is imperative for all hernias due to the risk of incarceration and strangulation.
  • Hernias can be repaired with either open or Laparoscopic surgery.

*Laparoscopic
Hernia Repair


  • The minimally invasive laparoscopic repair is done under general anaesthesia and surgeon makes 2 to 3 small incisions below the navel.
  • Laparoscopic surgery uses a tiny camera and miniaturized surgical equipment to repair the hernia. It only requires a few small incisions and is less damaging to the surrounding tissue.
  • After repair, mesh is placed over the area of defect to strengthen the abdominal wall.

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